Kalasan Temple The Oldest Buddhist Temple on Java

Kalasan Temple The Oldest Buddhist Temple

Kalasan Temple The Oldest Buddhist Temple

Kalasan Temple The Oldest Buddhist Temple on Java – Located on the southern main road between the cities of Yogyakarta and Solo, approximately 2 Km from the Prambanan Temple compound, is Candi Kalasan, believed to be the oldest Buddhist temple in Central Java and Yogyakarta, even predating the colossal Borobudur Temple in Magelang.

Administratively , the Kalasan Temple is situated in the Kali Bening area, in the Tirtomantani Village, Kalasan Sub-District, Sleman regency, in the Province of Yogyakarta.

The Kalasan inscription found near the temple indicates that it was completed in the Saka year 700 Saka or 778 AD. Written in Sanskrit using Pranagari script, the inscription mentions that the temple was erected on the behest of Guru Sang Raja Sailendravamçatilaka (the Jewel of the Sailendra dynasty) who succeeded to persuade Maharaja Tejapurnapana Panangkaran (in another part of the inscription also called Kariyana Panangkaran) to construct a holy building for the goddess (boddhisattvadevi) Tara and also to build a vihara ( or monastery) for Buddhist monks from the Sailendra royal families. Thus the temple was also known as the Temple of Tara.

The Kalasan temple is richly decorated with Buddhist figures

The Kalasan temple is richly decorated with Buddhist figures

The Kalasan temple is richly decorated with Buddhist figures

The temple stands on a 45×45 meters rectangular base. Each of the four main cardinal points has stairs and gates adorned with Kala-Makara and also rooms measuring 3.5 square meters. No statue is found in the smaller room facing north, west, and south; but the lotus pedestals suggest that the rooms once must have contained statues of bodhisattvas. The temple is richly decorated with Buddhist figures such as the Bodhisattva and Gana. The Kala Figure above the southern door has been photographed and used by a many foreign academics in their books to give an idea of the skillful art in stone carving of Central Javanese artists some millennia ago. Niches where the statues would have been placed are found inside and outside the temple. The niches that adorn the outer wall are intricately carved with Kala figures, gods and divinities in a scene of the svargaloka, the celestial palace abode of the gods, apsaras, and gandharvas.

Feature of The Kalasan temple is its octagon-shaped roof

One notable feature of the temple is its octagon-shaped roof, which features carved images of the Tathagatas/Buddha facing the four cardinal points, each of which is flanked by a pair of bodhisattvas in bas-relief. It has been suggested that the bodhisattvas on the upper part of the Kalasan temple represent the famous Eight Great Bodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism. The octagonal aspect of the structure has led to speculations of non-Buddhist elements in the temple, similar to some interpretations in the early Borobudur structure.

the Kalasan temple represent the famous Eight Great Bodhisattvas

the Kalasan temple represent the famous Eight Great Bodhisattvas

The Candi Kalasan faces east, with the east room also serving as the access to the main central room. In the larger main room there is a lotus pedestal and a throne carved with makara, lion, and elephant figures, similar to the Buddha Vairocana throne found in the Mendut temple. According to the Kalasan inscription, the temple once housed the large (probably reaching 4 meters tall) statue of the Boddhisattvadevi Tara. From the design of the throne, it is most likely that the statue of the goddess was in a seated position and was made of bronze.

The Kalasan temple is located in the archaeologically rich Prambanan valley

Kalasan temple is located in the archaeologically rich Prambanan valley. Just a few hundred meters north east of Kalasan one will find the Sari Temple (or Candi Sari) which was most probably the monastery mentioned in the Kalasan inscription. Further east lies the Prambanan Temples complex, the Sewu temple complex, and the Plaosan temple.

 

Favorite Tour Packages

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (5 hours)

Price : IDR  399.900 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple / Pawon Temple

SUNRISE BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (6 hours)

IDR  450.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (8 hours)

IDR  500.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

SULTAN PALACE + WATER CASTLE + PRAMBANAN + BOROBUDUR (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE CHICKEN CHURCH + BOROBUDUR + KALIBIRU NATIONAL PARK (10 hours)

IDR  650.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE CHICKEN CHURCH + BOROBUDUR + KALIADEM LAVA TOUR (10 hours)

IDR  650.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR + PRAMBANAN + RATU BOKO TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + DIENG PLATEAU (12 hours)

IDR  700.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  600.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

see the articles about : Sunrise Borobudur Temple

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE + PARANGTRITIS (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE FROM THE SETUMBU/BAREDE HILLS AND BOROBUDUR TOUR (6 hours)

IDR 425.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

Many tourist hunting the sunrise on this hill, Enjoy the beautiful view of the mountain and borobudur from the top of hills. After enjoy the sunrise continue to the most famous greatest budhist temple in the world, Borobudur.

SUNRISE FROM THE SETUMBU/BAREDE HILLS CONTINUE TO BOROBUDUR TEMPLE AND PRAMBANAN (9 hours)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

IDR 525.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Include : car, fuel and driver

AMAZING SUNRISE FROM INSIDE BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (6 hours)

IDR 425.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

Amazing experience to see the sunrise inside Borobudur temple. You can enjoy and capture the sunrise also the temple before any people else arrived, it will be unforgettable moment. Before enter Borobudur temple, you must pass the gate of Manohara hotel

AMAZING SUNRISE INSIDE BOROBUDUR AND PRAMBANAN TOUR (10 hours)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

IDR 525.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Include : car, fuel and driver

EXCLUSIVE SUNRISE INSIDE BOROBUDUR AND DIENG PLATEAU TOUR ( 12 hours)

IDR 700.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am

Include : car, fuel and driver

To see the sunrise in Borobudur temple, you must enter the Gate of Manohara hotel. Continue to Dieng plateau to visit oldest hindust temple in Java ; Arjuna temple, also enjoying beautiful nature around, likes vegetable terrace, farming plantations, Sikidang crater and Color lake

 

BEAUTIFUL MORNING BOROBUDUR TEMPLE TOUR (5 hours)

IDR 400.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.45 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

BEAUTIFUL MORNING BOROBUDUR TOUR AND PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (8 hours)

IDR 475.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.45 am, min 2 persons, *No breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

 

Java Heritage Tour TripAdvisor Reviews

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