The Pawon temple is also known as Bajranalan

Pawon Temple

Pawon Temple

The Pawon temple is also known as Bajranalan – As part of the sacred ritual ceremony of Vesak, Buddhist pilgrims making a journey on foot from Mendut Temple to the colossal Borobudur Temple will pass a small yet gallant temple: the Temple of Pawon.

While in Javanese Pawon translates as “kitchen”, it is also believed that the name is derived from the word “Per-Awu-an” or a place that contains dust. Dutch archaeologist JG de Casparis claims that the temple is a shrine to keep the ashes of King Indra (782 – 812 AD), father of King Samarrattungga of the Buddhist Syailendra Dynasty. The temple is also known as Bajranalan, taken from the Sanskrit word Vajra meaning Thunderbolt (also a Buddhist ceremonial tool) and Anala meaning fire or flame. Thus, Vajranala or the Flaming Thunderbolt is believed to have been a weapon of King Indra and that the temple was, therefore, the shrine to house it.

The location of the pawon temple

Located on a straight line between Borobudur Temple (1.75 km or 1.09 miles to its northeast) and Mendut Temple (1.15 km or 0.71 miles to its southwest), Pawon Temple forms an inseparable part of these two temples, all of which were built during the Syailendra Dynasty (in the 8th–9th centuries AD.). Professor Purbatjaraka, an expert Indonesian anthropologist even argued that the Pawon Temple was an upa angga (or an integral part of) Borobudur Temple.

While small in size, the Pawon temple still has a lot to offer for anyone interested in architecture and history. Pawon Temple sits on a rectangular platform that rises 1.5 meters from the ground. The edge of the base surface, however, is curved, which makes the surface a 20-cornered platform. The platform’s sides are decorated with sculptures depicting flowers and clinging vines. Unlike other Buddhist temples, the body of Pawon Temple is relatively slim, similar to that of Hindu temples.

The top of the entrance gate is adorned with a carved Kala Makara arch (giant makara) without its lower jaw, a figure commonly found in classic Javanese temples. It is suggested that the missing lower jaw symbolizes the destructive aspect of the Kala Makara as the Cosmic Mother, her wide-open mouth uninterruptedly pulling in the universe. All around the outer walls, visitors are presented with carvings of men and women which symbolizing “Boddhisattvas” and “Taras” – Buddhist names for those who have attained enlightenment.

One of the outer walls of the pawon temple depicts a relief of a “Kalpataru”

Kalpataru on Pawon Temple

Kalpataru on Pawon Temple

One of the outer walls of the temple depicts a relief of a “Kalpataru”, the Tree of Life that holds divine powers to fulfil wishes. Despite its age, the details on the relief are remarkable. The left side at the top of the tree depicts an Apsara – a female cloud spirit, while the opposite side depicts a Devata – a Hindu guardian spirit. On both sides of the base of the tree stand Kinnari and Kinnara, mythical creatures, half woman half bird, renowned for dance, song and poetry. She is also a traditional symbol of beauty, grace and accomplishment. By looking carefully at the relief, one can even see the small wings of the Kinnari.

On the front outer wall of the temple, on each side of the entrance, there are niches with carved images of the God Kubera in standing position. Kubera (recognized as Vaisravana in Buddhism) is known as the Lord of wealth and the god-king of the semi-divine Yakshas in Hindu mythology. The existence of the Kubera carvings also suggests that the shrine was , in fact, dedicated to Kubera.

Bodhisattva once resided inside the pawon temple chamber

The inner chamber of Pawon Temple is hollow and is completely empty. However, experts believe that a statue of Bodhisattva once resided inside the temple chamber. The statue was believed to be a token to honor King Indra who was said to have reached the level of Bodhisattva. The inscription on the Karang tengah tablet states that the Bodhisattva statue radiated Vajra or rays, hence the speculation that the Bodhisattva statue was made of bronze.

Confirming its close connection to the Borobudur temple, the roof section of Pawon is covered with five small stupas (or also called Dagoba), with slightly different shape to those found in Borobudur.

Even though it is significantly smaller than its neighboring two temples, Pawon Temple holds its own charm in its architectural beauty and mysterious origins. Historians have even dubbed it as “the jewel of Javanese temple architecture” due to its simplicity, symmetry and harmony.

 

Favorite Tour Packages

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (5 hours)

Price : IDR  399.900 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple / Pawon Temple

SUNRISE BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (6 hours)

IDR  450.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (8 hours)

IDR  500.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

SULTAN PALACE + WATER CASTLE + PRAMBANAN + BOROBUDUR (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE CHICKEN CHURCH + BOROBUDUR + KALIBIRU NATIONAL PARK (10 hours)

IDR  650.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE CHICKEN CHURCH + BOROBUDUR + KALIADEM LAVA TOUR (10 hours)

IDR  650.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR + PRAMBANAN + RATU BOKO TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + DIENG PLATEAU (12 hours)

IDR  700.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  600.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

see the articles about : Sunrise Borobudur Temple

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE + PARANGTRITIS (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE FROM THE SETUMBU/BAREDE HILLS AND BOROBUDUR TOUR (6 hours)

IDR 425.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

Many tourist hunting the sunrise on this hill, Enjoy the beautiful view of the mountain and borobudur from the top of hills. After enjoy the sunrise continue to the most famous greatest budhist temple in the world, Borobudur.

SUNRISE FROM THE SETUMBU/BAREDE HILLS CONTINUE TO BOROBUDUR TEMPLE AND PRAMBANAN (9 hours)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

IDR 525.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Include : car, fuel and driver

AMAZING SUNRISE FROM INSIDE BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (6 hours)

IDR 425.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

Amazing experience to see the sunrise inside Borobudur temple. You can enjoy and capture the sunrise also the temple before any people else arrived, it will be unforgettable moment. Before enter Borobudur temple, you must pass the gate of Manohara hotel

AMAZING SUNRISE INSIDE BOROBUDUR AND PRAMBANAN TOUR (10 hours)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

IDR 525.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Include : car, fuel and driver

EXCLUSIVE SUNRISE INSIDE BOROBUDUR AND DIENG PLATEAU TOUR ( 12 hours)

IDR 700.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am

Include : car, fuel and driver

To see the sunrise in Borobudur temple, you must enter the Gate of Manohara hotel. Continue to Dieng plateau to visit oldest hindust temple in Java ; Arjuna temple, also enjoying beautiful nature around, likes vegetable terrace, farming plantations, Sikidang crater and Color lake

 

BEAUTIFUL MORNING BOROBUDUR TEMPLE TOUR (5 hours)

IDR 400.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.45 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

BEAUTIFUL MORNING BOROBUDUR TOUR AND PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (8 hours)

IDR 475.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.45 am, min 2 persons, *No breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

 

Java Heritage Tour TripAdvisor Reviews

  •   The room design very nice Big and comfort.whole room switches is systematic and look elegant..the staff was very helpful and friendly

    thumb mrslieya92
    6/08/2018

      I went to Jogja from 30th March to 2nd April. I booked Supir from Pak Agus as well as his homestay. Very knowledgable and friendly driver (Pak Tomo). The homestay is quite good, safe and recommended for people who love a quiet place. Recommended for...More

    thumb Nurulsapika S
    4/01/2018
  •   We (two grown up daughters and me) reached Yogja on Saturday Sep, 8 late night after having flight delayed for 3 hours, was greeted by our supir Mas Adi who waited for us patiently at the airport for 4 hours!. A good start, knowing that...More

    thumb Roslinda M
    9/15/2018

      Before our trip, we get contact with Pak Agus +62 819-1553-4286, and he assign Adi (A young guy) to us. As this is the month of Ramadan (Muslim fasting month). So there are not much people travel here. Notes for vegetarian folks. There are many...More

    thumb xxiillii
    6/02/2018

Java Heritage Tour & Transport


Yogyakarta Tour | Borobudur Sunrise Tour | Ramayana Ballet | Private Driver | Transport

Reservation Telp/SMS/ Whatsapp/Line:

+62 8191 5534 286


Email : agusrohmad@yahoo.com


Thank you for visiting Java Heritage Tour. If you need support, please Contact us.

captcha

Tags: