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Sangiran Home of The Java Man

Sangiran Home of The Java Man
Sangiran Home of The Java Man

Sangiran Home of The Java Man – Have you ever wondered what humans looked like millions of years ago? Take a trip back in time and make the journey to Sangiran, home of the Java man to find out.

The story of Java Man begins over a century ago. In 1890, a Dutch military physician and paleontologist Eugene Dubois discovered a fossilized primate jawbone at Trinil further east down the Solo river. This jawbone possessed distinctly human characteristics. Dubois was convinced that this was Darwin’s “missing link” in the evolution of man but lacked the evidence to prove his theory.

Nearly 50 years later, Berlin born paleontologist G H R von Koenigswald, unearthed a fossilized ‘java man’ or homo erectus jawbone in Sangiran. This was a much older fossil, dating back over a million years or more. Dubois was right. Java man was the proof he had needed that homo erectus existed in Java about as early as in Africa.

Today, scientists recognize that homo erectus, which inhabited the earth between 1.7 million to 250,000 years ago, are the direct ancestors of homo sapiens (modern human beings).

It’s believed that Java man probably made his home in caves or in open camps and it’s likely that he was the first humanoid that used fire. He also used stone axes and hand-adzes, most of which were discovered by the Baksoka River near Pacitan.

The Sangiran area is rich in fossils of all types. Along with Indonesia’s temples of Borobudur and Prambanan, Sangiran’s significance means it has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

To Do

Sangiran Home of The Java Man collection
Sangiran Home of The Java Man collection

Follow the history of Java man and the story of his discovery at the small Sangiran Museum. This simple museum is located some 15 km north of the town of Solo (Surakarta). At the museum, learn about how prehistoric men might have lived millennia ago. The fossil shells and animal bones which are on display here range between 1.2 million and 500,000 years old. Also on display is an enormous 4-meter tusks from a stegodon which is estimated to have measured a staggering 11 meters from head to tail!

At the Sangiran museum you can see replicas of the original Java man fossils. Learn just how homo erectus was different from modern man.

Around 5 km west of the museum stands a three-storey viewing tower where you can see around the Sangiran valley. While you are here, learn more about Darwin’s theory of evolution through an audio visual presentation.

The highlight of your journey will be a visit to the 48 square km archaeological site. Located by the Bengawan Solo river at the foot of Mt. Lawu, this site is rich in prehistoric fossils, which often lie exposed in the fields after heavy storms. For anyone with an interest in archeology, this is a rare opportunity to see such ancient fossils.

Sangiran Collection
Sangiran Collection

Tips

Today locals are eager to sell fossils, mostly of seashells. Though some of the fossils may be genuine, collecting and selling fossils is illegal so some of the residents have turned to making replicas for a living.

  •   Very friendly Pak Agus. Guide and provide us transport thro out our visits. We stayed for two nights at his homestay. Value for money. Thank you so much Pak Agus Rohmad. Insya Allah see you next time. Adios...

    thumb aamzrr
    2/13/2019

      Percutian selama 4 hari di Jogja sangat bermakna untuk kami. Dengan bantuan tourguide, Supri dari Java Heritage kami dibawa ke lokasi2 yang menarik serta rumah-rumah makan yang enak-enak. Dengan harga perkhidmatan yang berpatutan yang ditawarkan oleh Java Heritage, kami berjaya menamatkan misi percutian kami. Sepanjang...Selengkapnya

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    11/27/2018

      kunjungan saya ke yogjakarta bersama driver mas budi adalah yang terbaik dan best sekali.. maybe next time boleh berkunjung lg bersama dgn java heritage tour..

    thumb AdamZ1688
    1/01/1970

      Best driver to take you around for your sightseeing in Jogja!Also gives the best advice if you’re unsure of what to do first.Thank you for accompanying me on my adventure!

    thumb Minswan
    2/03/2019
  •   We are a family with young children (toddler) from Malaysia. we have been in Jogja for 2 nights and our driver / guide / friend / photographer from this company was mas Adi. we are very happy and satisfied with his service. he was very...More

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    2/08/2019

      Bersama driver Mas Budi. Senang untuk berurusan tanpa sebarang masalah. Tepat waktu dan mudah untuk bekerjasama. Percutian paling best untuk tahun 2018 , inshaAllah kembali lagi di lain tahun. Dari Kelantan, Malaysia. #sepkitojangepecoh #bythelovechapters #anaisphotog

    thumb CivilQ2
    1/01/1970

      Amazing service,clean vehicle,friendly and knowlegable driver....highly reccomended
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    6/02/2018

      Perjalanan percutian sangat seronok.tempat sangat menarik bersama mas adi ....seorang yg ramah.terima kasih jugak pada pak agus kamarnya sungguh selesa.makanan enak.tq pada pak agus dan adi.👍👍👍👍👍

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    11/09/2018
  •   Nama driver: Pak Tugi Kami di Jogja selama 4 hari dan Pak Tugi layan kami dengan sungguh baik! Kemana-mana kami hendak pergi, walaupun jauh, dia hantar kami dgn senyuman. Dia membawa kami ke warung makan local yg sedap dan tidak ada ramai tourist. Layanan Pak...Selengkapnya

    thumb lilliesanddaisies
    7/28/2018

      Bersama Pak Tugi!! Best boleh berkomunikasi dengan baik. Sedia melayani kehendak perut kami. Menepati masa dan banyak memberi pesanan2 khas..sangat baik dan peramah.

    thumb Meander815943
    9/17/2018

      - one word to describe our whole jogja trip is "SUPERB" - excellent service by Pak Agus and our driver@tourist guide, adi saputra - comfortable homestay - a great package with affordable price - prayer time given (good for muslim traveller, the mosque/musolla is everywhere)...More

    thumb nadnusisters
    11/30/2018

      For four days, I traveled around with Mas Agus from Java Heritage Tours. He took me to see the temples of Borobudur and Prambanan, explore vulcanic craters, see the Dieng plateau, and visit various sights in the city of Yogyakarta. I even got a cooking class at his place (which was delicious).

    I was traveling through Indonesia by myself, but Agus made me feel very safe and took great care of me. He was super friendly and very knowledgeable. I had an absolutely fantastic time, and I can recommend Java Heritage Tours to anyone! More

    thumb Diede M
    12/01/2015
  •   It was easy to get hold of Agus, the owner and tour operator, he was recommended to us by a friend of ours, this is our second trip with his tour guides. Giarto, our tour guide arrived on time on all three days. He went...More

    thumb RuchiraB7
    12/12/2018

      We booked a 4 day tour including a dash in n out to Solo. Java Tour esp Mas Ijun was awesome n patiently accommodated to our tour plans. He also recommended Good local food! Your Jogja will be stress free with them on board.

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    12/08/2018

      Overall im very satisfied with java heritage tour service for a memorable tour experience at jogja. Special thanks to our tour guide Pak Budi and also to pak agus for a prompt response when needed. Keep up the good work and ill definately recommend this...More

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      Terima kasih banyak2 Pak Tugi bawa kami jalan-jalan pusing Yogjakarta. Servis terbaik termasuklah bawa ke tempat makan yang sedap2, peramah, menepati masa, dan bawa ke tempat2 menarik yg tiada dalam itenari kami. #paktugiterbaik

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    9/17/2018

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