Sambisari Temple The Underground Temple

Sambisari Temple The Underground Temple

Sambisari Temple The Underground Temple

Sambisari temple is a 9th-century Hindu temple located at Sambisari hamlet, Purwomartani village, Kalasan, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The temple was buried about five metres underground. Parts of the original temple have been excavated. The temple is located about 8 km east of Yogyakarta near Adisucipto International Airport.

Sambisari temple Discovery

The temple emerged in July 1966 by a farmer when working on land that belongs to Karyowinangun. His hoe hit the carved stone which was a part of the buried temple ruins. The news of discovery reached the Archaeology office in Prambanan and the area was secured. The excavation and reconstruction works was completed in March 1987. The temple is thought to have been buried by an eruption of volcanic ash from the nearby Mount Merapi.

The discovery of Sambisari temple probably was the most exciting archaeological findings in Yogyakarta in recent years, leading to speculation about whether there are other ancient temples still underground in the vicinity, buried under Mount Merapi volcanic ash.

Sambisari Temple History
Based on architectural and ornamental similarities to another Hindu temple in Indonesia, Prambanan, the presence of Hindu statues around the temple walls, and the lingga-yoni inside the main temple, historians have concluded that Sambisari was a Shivaite Hindu temple built around the first or second decade of the 9th century (circa 812-838). This conclusion was supported by the findings of a gold plate in the vicinity engraved with letters that according to paleography were used in early 9th century ancient Java.

According to Wanua Tengah inscription III dated 908 that contains the name of kings that ruled Mataram Kingdom, the temple was probably built during the reign of Rakai Garung (ruled 828-846). However, historians also consider that the construction of a temple was not always issued by a king. Lesser nobles might have also ordered and funded the construction.

Sambisari Temple Architecture

Sambisari Temple Yogyakarta

Sambisari Temple Yogyakarta

Visitors must descend the flight of stairs on the western side to reach the central part of the temple, the base of which is 6.5 meters lower than the current ground level.

The outer parts are 8 meter wide terraces. Recent excavations revealed the outer layer of walls surrounding the temple, which cover a wider area. Only the north-eastern part of this outer wall was excavated, the rest still is buried underground.

The Sambisari complex was surrounded by a rectangular wall made from white stone measured 50 meters x 48 meters. In this main yard, there are eight small lingga, four located at the cardinal points and four others in the corners.

The Sambisari temple complex consisted of a main temple and a row of three smaller pervara (guardian) temples in front of it. The center pervara temple measures 4.9 x 4.80 meters, while northern and southern pervara temple measures 4.80 x 4.80 meters each. Each of these lesser temples has no stone body and roof, and only consists of base part and balustrades.

The main temple is facing west and took form of a square with size 13.65 meters x 13.65 meters. The temple has no real base (foot) part, so the sub-basement part also serves as the base part. The siar is adorned with makara supported by dwarf (gana). There is no Kala carving on top of the main gate. By ascending the stairs, the visitors can reach the rectangular 2.5 meters wide gallery, which has balustrades surrounding the main temple.

On this gallery there are 12 umpak (stone base), 8 bases took round shape and 4 others are square ones. This stone bases probably used to support wooden pillars, suggesting that the main temple used to be covered by a roof structure made from organic materials that now are already decayed and gone.

The body of the main temple measures 5 x 5 meters and 2.5 meters high. Around the temple walls are niches containing statues of Hindu gods, topped by Kala’s head. In the northern niche, there is a Durga statue, in the eastern niche, a Ganesha statue, and in the southern niche, a Agastya statue. The portal to the main room is on the western side. The entrance is flanked by niches that once contained guardian statues of Mahakala and Nandisvara. Inside the temple reside a yoni, measured 1.34 x 1.34 meters and 1.18 meters high. On the north side of the yoni, there is a water spout supported by Nāga serpent. Atop the yoni is a lingga measuring 0.29 by 0.29 metres (11 in × 11 in) at the base and 0.85 metres (2 ft 9 in)

 

Favorite Tour Packages

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (5 hours)

Price : IDR  399.900 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple / Pawon Temple

SUNRISE BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (6 hours)

IDR  450.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (8 hours)

IDR  500.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

SULTAN PALACE + WATER CASTLE + PRAMBANAN + BOROBUDUR (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE CHICKEN CHURCH + BOROBUDUR + KALIBIRU NATIONAL PARK (10 hours)

IDR  650.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE CHICKEN CHURCH + BOROBUDUR + KALIADEM LAVA TOUR (10 hours)

IDR  650.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR + PRAMBANAN + RATU BOKO TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + DIENG PLATEAU (12 hours)

IDR  700.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple

BOROBUDUR SUNRISE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  600.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Looking from inside Borobudur temple or on the Hill

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel 03.45 AM

Extra visit : Mendut temple, Kalasan temple

see the articles about : Sunrise Borobudur Temple

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + LAVA TOUR KALIADEM + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

BOROBUDUR TEMPLE + PRAMBANAN TEMPLE + PARANGTRITIS (10 hours)

IDR  550.000 / CAR (capacity 1-5 persons)

Include  : Car, Driver, Fuel

Exclude : Entrance fee, Meal, Donation, Parking, Travel Insurance, Guide.

Pick up and drop at your hotel

SUNRISE FROM THE SETUMBU/BAREDE HILLS AND BOROBUDUR TOUR (6 hours)

IDR 425.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

Many tourist hunting the sunrise on this hill, Enjoy the beautiful view of the mountain and borobudur from the top of hills. After enjoy the sunrise continue to the most famous greatest budhist temple in the world, Borobudur.

SUNRISE FROM THE SETUMBU/BAREDE HILLS CONTINUE TO BOROBUDUR TEMPLE AND PRAMBANAN (9 hours)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

IDR 525.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Include : car, fuel and driver

AMAZING SUNRISE FROM INSIDE BOROBUDUR TEMPLE (6 hours)

IDR 425.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

Amazing experience to see the sunrise inside Borobudur temple. You can enjoy and capture the sunrise also the temple before any people else arrived, it will be unforgettable moment. Before enter Borobudur temple, you must pass the gate of Manohara hotel

AMAZING SUNRISE INSIDE BOROBUDUR AND PRAMBANAN TOUR (10 hours)

Start 04.00 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

IDR 525.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Include : car, fuel and driver

EXCLUSIVE SUNRISE INSIDE BOROBUDUR AND DIENG PLATEAU TOUR ( 12 hours)

IDR 700.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.00 am

Include : car, fuel and driver

To see the sunrise in Borobudur temple, you must enter the Gate of Manohara hotel. Continue to Dieng plateau to visit oldest hindust temple in Java ; Arjuna temple, also enjoying beautiful nature around, likes vegetable terrace, farming plantations, Sikidang crater and Color lake

 

BEAUTIFUL MORNING BOROBUDUR TEMPLE TOUR (5 hours)

IDR 400.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.45 am, min 2 persons, *Simple breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

BEAUTIFUL MORNING BOROBUDUR TOUR AND PRAMBANAN TEMPLE (8 hours)

IDR 475.000 / CAR (capacity : 1-5 persons)

Start 04.45 am, min 2 persons, *No breakfast

Include : car, fuel and driver

 

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