Home > Blog > Explore Jogja > Plaosan Temple is one of the Buddhist templeslocated

Plaosan Temple is one of the Buddhist templeslocated

The Plaosan Temple complex
The Plaosan Temple complex

Plaosan Temple is situated in Bugisan Village, Prambanan Sub-district, Klaten District, 1.5 kilometers to the east of Sewu Temple. The temple is an ancient building compound comprising of two building complexes, Plaosan Lor Temple complex (lor is a Javanese word that means north) and Plaosan Kidul Temple complex (kidul is a Javanese word for south). The relief sculptures seen at the compound are fine and detailed, similar to sculptures found at Borobudur, Sewu and Sari Temples.

Experts claim that Plaosan Temple, a Buddhist shrine, was built during the era of Mataram Hindu Kingdom, when Rakai Pikatan was at the helm, at the dawn of the 9th century. De Casparis, one of the proponents of the claim, based his viewpoint on the inscription on Cri Kahulunan ancient stone (842 AD). The inscription stone states that Plaosan Lor Temple was built by Queen Sri Kahulunan, with the support from her husband. De Casparis argued further that Sri Kahulunan was a designation entitled to Pramodhawardani, the daughter of King Samarattungga of Syailendra Dynasty. The princess, a Buddhist, married Rakai Pikatan of Sanjaya Dynasty, who was a Hindu.

Plaosan Temple
Plaosan Temple

Other experts argue that Plaosan Temple was built before Rakai Pikatan reigned. Anggraeni, a proponent of the claim, believed that Sri Kahulunan, instead of a princess, was Rakai Garung, the predecessor of Rakai Pikatan, who once ruled Mataram. The era of Rakai Pikatan was too short to build a temple as big as Plaosan. Rakai Pikatan, however, built the ancillary temple after the main temple was erected.

In October 2003, an inscription-bearing gold sheet was discovered in the surroundings of an ancillary temple in Plaosan Kidul Temple complex. It is estimated that the inscription was made in the 9th century AD. The sheet is 18.5 centimeters in length and 2.2 centimeters in width and the inscription is in Sanskrit written in old Javanese letters. Although the translation of the inscription has yet come to an end, Tjahjono Prasodjo, the epigrapher who deciphers the inscription, believes that the inscription support the claim that Plaosan Temple was built during Rakai Pikatan era.

Plaosan Lor ( North Palosan Temple )

Plaosan Lor is a large complex of temples. On each of this compound’s sides, there is a couple of face-to-face Dwarapala statues, each in seated position on its right leg while the left one bended in front of the body. The right hand holds a cudgel, while the left one is on the left knee.

On the temple’s north court, there are 6 big stupas and a rectangular stone terrace surrounded by rows of stone pedestals. The terrace is believed to be a place where offerrings were given.

It is assumed that there was once a wooden structure on the terrace and Dhyani Buddha statue on each of the stone pedestals. Similar but smaller terrace can be found to the south of the compound.

Mysterious Plaosan Temple
Mysterious Plaosan Temple

At the center of this temple complex, there are two two-storied buildings that constitute the main temple. The two buildings face west, each surrounded by stone wall.

The stone wall is encircled by 174 ancilllary temples, consisting of 58 small shrines, each laid out on a square plan, and 116 stupas. These shrines are arranged in rows of seven south of the main temples, of 19 temples to the east or rear of the main temples, and 17 temples in front of the main temples. Nearly all of the temples have already crumbled.

It is assumed that there was once a wooden structure on the terrace and Dhyani Buddha statue on each of the terrace can be found to the south of the

Each of the main temples stands on a 60 cm high base that surrounds the temple’s body. The stairs to the door have stone baisters with statue of dragon head on each end. The door’s frame is embellished with sculptures of flowers and climbing plants. The frame is topped by a sculpture of kala head without its lower jaw in high relief.

long the outer wall is adorned with relief depicting man and woman in standing position at a size of real human figure. The wall of the south temple carries relief of male figures, while that of the north

temple depicts female figures. The south temple was probably a monastery for bhikkus while the north one for bhikkunis.

Plaosan Kidul (South Plaosan)
Plaosan Kidul Temple is located to the south of Plaosan Lor, separated by a road. While the main temples of Palosan Lor still stand firm, their counterpart in Plaosan Kidul have crumbled, leaving only a number of ‘candi perwara’ (ancillary temples).

  •   Very friendly Pak Agus. Guide and provide us transport thro out our visits. We stayed for two nights at his homestay. Value for money. Thank you so much Pak Agus Rohmad. Insya Allah see you next time. Adios...

    thumb aamzrr
    2/13/2019

      We are a family with young children (toddler) from Malaysia. we have been in Jogja for 2 nights and our driver / guide / friend / photographer from this company was mas Adi. we are very happy and satisfied with his service. he was very...More

    thumb hazeemharis
    2/08/2019

      We booked a 4 day tour including a dash in n out to Solo. Java Tour esp Mas Ijun was awesome n patiently accommodated to our tour plans. He also recommended Good local food! Your Jogja will be stress free with them on board.

    thumb Pixgal
    12/08/2018

      Nama driver: Pak Tugi Kami di Jogja selama 4 hari dan Pak Tugi layan kami dengan sungguh baik! Kemana-mana kami hendak pergi, walaupun jauh, dia hantar kami dgn senyuman. Dia membawa kami ke warung makan local yg sedap dan tidak ada ramai tourist. Layanan Pak...Selengkapnya

    thumb lilliesanddaisies
    7/28/2018
  •   Percutian yg menyeronokkan. Tempat² yang menarik. Pemandu yg baik, peramah, penyabar. Tq mas Adi dan pak Agus. Semoga ketemu lg di lain waktu.

    thumb n0rhaslindaj
    11/09/2018

      Amazing service,clean vehicle,friendly and knowlegable driver....highly reccomended
    Call pak agus +62 81915534286

    thumb Evan A
    6/02/2018

      Bersama driver Mas Budi. Senang untuk berurusan tanpa sebarang masalah. Tepat waktu dan mudah untuk bekerjasama. Percutian paling best untuk tahun 2018 , inshaAllah kembali lagi di lain tahun. Dari Kelantan, Malaysia. #sepkitojangepecoh #bythelovechapters #anaisphotog

    thumb CivilQ2
    1/01/1970

      For four days, I traveled around with Mas Agus from Java Heritage Tours. He took me to see the temples of Borobudur and Prambanan, explore vulcanic craters, see the Dieng plateau, and visit various sights in the city of Yogyakarta. I even got a cooking class at his place (which was delicious).

    I was traveling through Indonesia by myself, but Agus made me feel very safe and took great care of me. He was super friendly and very knowledgeable. I had an absolutely fantastic time, and I can recommend Java Heritage Tours to anyone! More

    thumb Diede M
    12/01/2015
  •   Percutian selama 4 hari di Jogja sangat bermakna untuk kami. Dengan bantuan tourguide, Supri dari Java Heritage kami dibawa ke lokasi2 yang menarik serta rumah-rumah makan yang enak-enak. Dengan harga perkhidmatan yang berpatutan yang ditawarkan oleh Java Heritage, kami berjaya menamatkan misi percutian kami. Sepanjang...Selengkapnya

    thumb Camper671727
    11/27/2018

      Best driver to take you around for your sightseeing in Jogja!Also gives the best advice if you’re unsure of what to do first.Thank you for accompanying me on my adventure!

    thumb Minswan
    2/03/2019

      I got Pak Agus' number after reading his team's good review online. We were a party of 6; 5 adults and my 5-year old son travelling to Jogja for 6 days & 5 nights leisure trip. We were greeted by Mas Adi; albeit slighy misscomm...More

    thumb Nor Iliani N
    12/20/2018

      Okay, where do I begin? On a recent trip to Jogja with friends who were visiting from Japan, we were met at the airport by our driver, Supri. Supri was with us for the next four days, and we could not have survived, let alone...More

    thumb Ross L
    1/07/2019
  •   Terima kasih banyak2 Pak Tugi bawa kami jalan-jalan pusing Yogjakarta. Servis terbaik termasuklah bawa ke tempat makan yang sedap2, peramah, menepati masa, dan bawa ke tempat2 menarik yg tiada dalam itenari kami. #paktugiterbaik

    thumb Navigator816060
    9/17/2018

      Bersama Pak Tugi!! Best boleh berkomunikasi dengan baik. Sedia melayani kehendak perut kami. Menepati masa dan banyak memberi pesanan2 khas..sangat baik dan peramah.

    thumb Meander815943
    9/17/2018

      - one word to describe our whole jogja trip is "SUPERB" - excellent service by Pak Agus and our driver@tourist guide, adi saputra - comfortable homestay - a great package with affordable price - prayer time given (good for muslim traveller, the mosque/musolla is everywhere)...More

    thumb nadnusisters
    11/30/2018

      Overall im very satisfied with java heritage tour service for a memorable tour experience at jogja. Special thanks to our tour guide Pak Budi and also to pak agus for a prompt response when needed. Keep up the good work and ill definately recommend this...More

    thumb nazrikom
    12/05/2018

You may also like...